Opening of the Mouth

The History of Egypt for Kids - The Opening of the Mouth Ritual

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about Opening of the Mouth ritual

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians - Opening of the Mouth Ritual
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about Opening of the Mouth ceremony and associated rituals. Discover fascinating facts and information about ancient Egypt and Opening of the Mouth ritual.
 
The history and origins
The funerary rituals, rites and ceremonies
The purpose of the rituals, rites and ceremonies
The offerings and sacrifices
The funeral procession
The priests and mourners
The Ritual Purification
An overview of the Opening of the Mouth rituals of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptians - Opening of the Mouth
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Opening of the Mouth Rites, Ceremony, Ritual and Offerings
Discover fast, interesting facts and information about the mysterious Opening of the Mouth rites and rituals of ancient Egypt and the Egyptians. The Opening of the Mouth was one of the most important Death Rituals practised by the Ancient Egyptians. The Ancient Egyptians believed that the rituals performed during the Opening of the Mouth ceremony revived the mummified senses of the deceased so that he could eat, drink and speak in the Underworld and the afterlife.

Opening of the Mouth Ceremony
 

Ancient Egypt - Opening of the Mouth Ceremony Fact Sheet

Fact 1 on Opening of the Mouth:

The rituals, ceremonies and offerings associated with these ancient Egyptian death rituals were documented via the funerary texts in tombs and ancient papyri and with another work entitled the "Book of Opening the Mouth"
 

Fact 2 on Opening of the Mouth:

The "Book of the Opening of the Mouth" described the rituals that consisted of offering a long sequence of foodstuffs, beverages, cosmetics and other consumables, along with a litany recited by the priests.
 

Fact 3 on Opening of the Mouth:

The ceremony included the rituals of the priests, sacrifices and magic incantations and spells and were believed to be essential to both the living and the dead. The ceremonies and rituals are believed to date back to at least the third dynasty.
 

Fact 4 on Opening of the Mouth:

The death rituals associated with important ceremony were conducted by properly qualified priests who were conversant with the correct order of procedures, the ceremonies, the spells and incantations and the correct offerings.
 

Fact 5 on Opening of the Mouth:

The purpose of the ceremony and the magic spells that were recited were believed by the ancient Egyptians to bring about the reconstitution and resurrection of the deceased person.
 

Fact 6 on Opening of the Mouth:

The ancient Egyptians believed that the soul consisted of different entities including the Ka and the Ba which had been temporarily separated from the deceased at the point of death. Each element of the soul had to be reunited to enable the deceased to enter the 'House of Reeds', the ancient Egyptian equivalent of a heavenly paradise
 

Fact 7 on Opening of the Mouth:

The ancient Egyptians believed that by conducting sacred ceremonies and rituals and reciting magic spells and formulae would bring back the Ka, or double, either to the dead man, from whom it had been temporarily separated, or to a statue which represented him.
 

Fact 8 on Opening of the Mouth:

When these sacred death ceremonies and rituals had been completed the ancient Egyptians believed that it was their solemn duty to provide offerings of food and drink for the maintenance of the parts of the soul called the Ka and Ba.
 

Fact 9 on Opening of the Mouth:

It was the Ka and the heart-soul, the Ba, which fed upon the offerings. If the offerings were unsuitable or of insufficient quantity meat and drink of a suitable character, and in sufficient quantity the Ka and Ba would suffer from hunger and thirst. Should the supply of offerings fail, the Ka and Ba would perish.
 

Fact 10 on Opening of the Mouth:

Texts relating to the Opening of the Mouth ceremony and rituals make it quite clear that the ancient Egyptians believed that the soul would only live as long as it was fed with offerings by the living and provided with a form of abode such as a statue.
 

Ancient Egypt - Opening of the Mouth Ceremony Fact Sheet

Funeral Procession

Opening of the Mouth Rituals
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about Opening of the Mouth ceremony and rituals for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about Opening of the Mouth for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about Opening of the Mouth rituals and offerings for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.

 

The Ancient Egyptians

 

Opening of the Mouth Ceremony & Death Rituals
Learn about Opening of the Mouth the fast and easy way via the Opening of the Mouth Fact sheet.
 

Ancient Egypt - Opening of the Mouth Ceremony Fact Sheet

Fact 11 on Opening of the Mouth:

The essential offerings of food and drink were taken to the tombs on a daily basis and additional gifts for the deceased were presented on the days of all great ancient Egyptian festivals.
 

Fact 12 on Opening of the Mouth:

Offerings, prayers, hymns and recitals were commonly said by the Kherheb for kings and other members of the royal family and men of high civil and ecclesiastical rank.
 

Fact 13 on Opening of the Mouth:

The Kherheb, or Ker-Heb, was the title for the ancient Egyptian lector priests. The Kherheb priests were the masters of temple ceremonies, keepers of the religious texts and expert at reciting the religious texts. The Kherheb was responsible for overseeing that the funeral rituals, rites and ceremonies were conducted in the correct and proper order.
 

Fact 14 on Opening of the Mouth:

The magical and secret words spoken by the Kherheb, or the chief officiating priest, were believed to change the meat, and bread, and wine into divine substances.
 

Fact 15 on Opening of the Mouth:

Transmutation of offerings: The prescribed form of words used in the rites and rituals, included a formula which was said over separate offerings. The ancient Egyptians believed that this would change the offerings into a divine and spiritual food
 

Fact 16 on Opening of the Mouth:

The essence of the spiritual food which was consumed by the deceased and the souls of the gods.
 

Fact 17 on Opening of the Mouth:

The material elements of the offerings were eaten by the priests and the relatives of the dead.
 

Fact 18 on Opening of the Mouth:

The ancient Egyptians believed that the act of eating the food offerings brought them into communion with the deceased and with the gods.
 

Fact 19 on Opening of the Mouth:

Offerings: The offerings made during the death rituals included food, drink and various unguents. Specific items have been documented and include joints of meat, loaves of bread, cakes, beer, wine, cool water, oxen, geese, sweet things, fruit including raisins, figs and mulberries, incense, unguents, perfumes, plants and flowers.
 

Fact 20 on Opening of the Mouth:

Sacrifices: Living animals such as goats, gazelle, oxen, bulls, birds, calves, and sheep were brought to the tombs of the wealthy and offered up as sacrifices on their behalf.
 

Ancient Egypt - Opening of the Mouth Ceremony Fact Sheet

Funeral Procession

 

Opening of the Mouth

Facts and Information about Opening of the Mouth

The people, places, culture and civilization of ancient Egypt

Facts and information about Ancient Egypt & the Egyptians

Opening of the Mouth for kids and schools

Opening of the Mouth  for kids, schools, homework and research

Opening of the Mouth ceremony

 

Opening of the Mouth Ceremony and Rituals
Learn about Opening of the Mouth ceremony and rituals the fast and easy way via the following Fact sheet.

Funeral Procession, entering the tomb

Funeral Procession, entering the tomb
 

Ancient Egypt - Opening of the Mouth Ceremony Fact Sheet

Fact 21 on Opening of the Mouth:

Opening of the Mouth ceremony: Seventy days after the death of an ancient Egyptian an elaborate funeral procession headed towards the designated tomb of the deceased where the ceremonies and rituals commenced.
 

Fact 22 on Opening of the Mouth:

Ceremony: The mummies of wealthy ancient Egyptians were usually placed in Anthropoid coffins (man-shaped coffins). Cosmetics were applied to the likeness painted on the anthropoid coffin and a copy of the Book of the Dead was placed on the mummy
 

Fact 23 on Opening of the Mouth:

Ceremony: The mummy, in its coffin, was held in the standing position, facing South, by the jackal masked impersonator of Anubis. The masked 'Anubis' was the Hery Sesheta embalming priest who worked with the embalmers and was present to read magical spells and prayers.
 

Fact 24 on Opening of the Mouth:

Ceremony: The entourage included close members of the family, priests, servants, torch bearers and musicians
 

Fact 25 on Opening of the Mouth:

Ceremony: Incense was burned and garlands of flowers were sometimes draped around the neck of the coffin.
 

Fact 26 on Opening of the Mouth:

Ceremony: Ritual Purification was conducted using salt and the milk of a cow. Various amulets or charms were used in the ceremony.
 

Fact 27 on Opening of the Mouth:

Ceremony: The Opening of the Mouth death rituals were performed using the main tools of the embalmer and the coffin maker including an adze, a spooned blade known as a peseshkaf and a serpent-headed blade
 

Fact 28 on Opening of the Mouth:

Ceremony: A priest touched the mouth, eyes, ears and nose with a ritual adze in order to awaken the senses of the deceased so the soul could accept the food offerings and sacrifices and have the ability to speak.
 

Fact 29 on Opening of the Mouth:

The ceremony involved up to 75 "episodes" and  included the following phases:
Ceremony Episodes 19 Preliminary funeral rites
Ceremony Episodes 1022 The symbolic animation of the statue or anthropoid coffin
Ceremony Episodes 2342 Offerings of meat associated with upper Egypt
Ceremony Episodes 4346 Offerings of meat associated with lower Egypt
Ceremony Episodes 4771 Funerary meal
Ceremony Episodes 7275 Closing funeral rites
 

Fact 30 on Opening of the Mouth:

Ceremony: When the Opening of the mouth death rituals had been completed the coffin containing the mummy was placed in a sarcophagus and sealed in the tomb
 

Fact 31 on Opening of the Mouth:

The Liturgy of Funerary Offerings was very long, but even so, it remained unaltered for nearly 4000 years.
 

Ancient Egypt - Opening of the Mouth Ceremony Fact Sheet

Opening of the Mouth Ceremony
Learning about the ancient Egyptians and Opening of the Mouth inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about Opening of the Mouth will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.

Opening of the Mouth Death Ritual

 

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