The Djed (also called the Tat, Tet or Djet) was worn as a powerful protective talisman by both the living and the deceased.
Meaning of the Djed: To the ancient Egyptians the Djed symbolized stability, endurance and strength, and for protection from enemies.
The Djed amulet also signified that all doors, or opportunities, might be open both in this life and the next.
This symbol, that resembles a tree trunk, was extremely important place in the religious ceremonies and rituals of the ancient Egyptians. The 'Raising the Djed Pillar' ritual was held to commemorate the death and resurrection of Osiris.
The symbol represented the building-up of the backbone and reconstruction of the body of Osiris. The ceremony was also a symbolic representation of raising the Tree of Life.
According to the instructions in the Egyptian Book of the Dead, the Djed amulet should be made of gold set in sycamore wood, which had been steeped in the water of Ankham flowers (believed to be the lotus). The amulet was placed near the spines of mummified bodies on the day of interment, to protect him on his perilous journey through the underworld.
A spell in the Book of the Dead was spoken over the amulet hung around the mummy's neck, ensuring that the mummy would regain use of its spine and be able to sit up.
The central Djed amulet shown at the top of the page is topped by the Shuti crown of Egypt featuring the Double Plume Feathers representing Divine Law.
The Djed symbol is often found together with the Tyet symbol (aka the Buckle or knot on the girdle of Isis) which together may depict the duality of life. The life blood of Isis and the death of Osiris, the soul in the mortal life and the soul in the Afterlife.
Magic Spells were inscribed on these amulets to ward off the dangers of the Underworld.
A Talisman or an amulet can be described as a religious object consisting of a stone or other small item, often inscribed or carved with magical inscriptions, magic signs, magic symbols, formula or sacred text.