Egyptian Farming

The History of Egypt for Kids - Egyptian Farming

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about Egyptian Farming

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians - Egyptian Farming
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about Egyptian Farming. Discover fascinating facts and information about ancient Egypt and Egyptian Farming.
The annual flooding of the River Nile and the different seasons
Irrigation systems used on farms in ancient Egypt
The food crops and industrial crops raised by farmers
Farming and trade
The tools used on the farms
The shaduf and the sakieh
Farm animals in ancient Egypt
An overview of Farming of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptians - Egyptian Farming
Click a link for additional information and interesting facts about subjects relating to farms and farming or other aspects of daily life, the people and places of ancient Egypt.

Egyptian Farming
Learn about ancient Egyptian Farming, the cultivation of the soil for the growing of crops. The harvesting, types of crops,
Ancient Egyptian Irrigation, farming tools and farm animals.

Ancient Egyptians plowing

Ancient Egypt - Egyptian Farming Fact Sheet

Fact 1 on Egyptian Farming:

90% of Egypt is desert or semi-arid land. The flooding of the Nile River enabled farming possible surrounding the banks of the river Nile, an otherwise barren region.

Fact 2 on Egyptian Farming:

The Nile river broke its banks each year, saturating the surrounding countryside with a rich silt, fertile alluvial soil that was ideal for farmland and crop growing. Too little water would cause famine, and too much water would limit the sowing of fresh crops. The water also filtered the land of various salts.

Fact 3 on Egyptian Farming:

The majority of ancient Egyptians were farmers. The annual flooding of the River Nile was of such importance that the ancient Egyptians based their lives around its yearly cycle.

Fact 4 on Egyptian Farming:

The work on the farms were  based on three periods of farming activity: flooding, sowing and harvesting.
The time of the flood (Akhet) was June - September.
The sowing time (Peret) was October - January
The harvest (Shemu) as February - May

Fact 5 on Egyptian Farming:

The food crops produced on the farms in ancient Egypt included corn, emmer wheat (barley). Vegetables grown on farms included onions, garlic, leeks, beans, lentils, chickpeas, radishes, cabbage, cucumbers and lettuce. Trees and orchards produced fruit such as dates, figs, pomegranates, melons and grapes.

Fact 6 on Egyptian Farming:

Grain was extremely important as it was the mainstay of the ancient Egyptian diet. Barley was primarily used for making beer. Wheat was used to make flour to bake bread, the main source of nourishment.

Fact 7 on Egyptian Farming:

Grain was used instead of money in bartering for goods and taxes imposed by the government were collected in the form of grain. Excess grain was a valuable commodity and used for trade.

Fact 8 on Egyptian Farming:

The farms also raised or gathered industrial crops that included papyrus, lotus and many other flowering plants, date palm, oils, flax and henna.

Ancient Egyptian Farmhouse

Ancient Egyptian Farmhouse

Fact 9 on Egyptian Farming:

Additional farm land was made available by the development of different forms of irrigation systems so that the water from the River Nile could be introduced inland to fertilize additional lands resulting in more farmland producing more annual crops.  

Fact 10 on Egyptian Farming:

Irrigation was therefore the key to prosperous farms and abundant crops in ancient Egypt. Water was diverted from the Nile to the otherwise desert lands by different methods of irrigation.

Fact 11 on Egyptian Farming:

Methods of irrigation: Farmers dug trenches to divert water from the Nile river to the farmlands. Man-made ditches, dykes and canals crossed the farmlands. At the entrance of the canals the farmer would have a wood dam to control the water flow. The earth was then moved to other parts of the farm to be used for  basin irrigation.

Fact 12 on Egyptian Farming:

Basin irrigation was the method by which water was trapped in basins that were surrounded by low mud walls. Basin irrigation allowed the ancient Egyptians to control the rise and fall of the river to best suit their farming needs and provided water throughout the farming seasons.

Ancient Egypt - Egyptian Farming Fact Sheet

Harvesting Grain

Ancient Egyptians Harvesting Grain

Egyptian Farming
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about farms in ancient Egypt for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about Egypt and the ancient Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about farms, tools and farm animals for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about Egyptian Farming for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.


The Ancient Egyptians


Egyptian Farming Tools
Learn about Egyptian Farming tools the fast and easy way via the Egyptian Farming Fact sheet.

Ancient Egyptian Shaduf

Ancient Egyptian Shaduf

Ancient Egypt - Egyptian Farming Fact Sheet

Fact 13 on Egyptian Farming:

The ancient Egyptians used dams and reservoirs to store water for the dry seasons of the year.

Fact 14 on Egyptian Farming:

The sakieh water wheel: The ancient Egyptians invented water wheels (sakieh) to lift water from the Nile. Oxen or humans powered the sakieh.

Fact 15 on Egyptian Farming:

The shaduf: The sakieh was later used side by side with a later piece of equipment called a shaduf. The shaduf was introduced to the ancient Egyptians by the Hyksos foreign rulers during the 15th Dynasty. The shaduf an irrigation tool that was used to raise water above the level of the Nile which was then diverted to a canal or ditch. The shaduf was a simple tool consisting of a pole with a bucket on one end and a weight on the other but its introduction revolutionized the farming techniques of the ancient Egyptians.

Fact 16 on Egyptian Farming:

Tools: The Egyptians plowed the fields using oxen to form shallow furrows for the seeds. One man guided the plow and the other man guided the oxen.

Fact 17 on Egyptian Farming:

Tools: Another type of plow  was used as a tool to turn up the earth between the furrows. The main farm tool used by hand was the hoe to break up the earth.

Fact 18 on Egyptian Farming:

Sowing the seeds: The ancient Egyptian farmers put the seeds into the earth and then drove herds of sheep or pigs into the fields to trample the seeds into the furrows.

Fact 19 on Egyptian Farming:

Harvesting Tools: Grain was harvested using a scythe or sickle and collected in baskets.

Fact 20 on Egyptian Farming:

Grain was then transported to the threshing floor where the process of removing the seeds of barley or wheat from their inedible husks began.

Fact 21 on Egyptian Farming:

Ancient Egyptian cereals were stored in granaries and subsequently processed into flour. Offerings of grain were given to Egyptian temples who stored them in huge granaries and vast storage units.

Ancient Egypt - Egyptian Farming Fact Sheet

Ancient Egyptian wooden hoes

Ancient Egyptian wooden hoes


Egyptian Farming

Facts and Information about Egyptian Farming

Egyptian Farming

The people, places, culture and civilization of ancient Egypt

Facts and information about Ancient Egypt & the Egyptians

Egyptian Farming for kids and schools

Egyptian Farming  for kids, schools, homework and research

Egyptian Farming


Egyptian Farming - Farm Animals
Learn about Egyptian Farm animals the fast and easy way via the Egyptian Farming Fact sheet.

Ancient Egyptian Yokes

Ancient Egyptian Yokes

Ancient Egypt - Egyptian Farming Fact Sheet

Fact 22 on Egyptian Farming:

Farm animals: The farm animals in ancient Egypt included cattle, oxen, pigs, geese, sheep, goats and donkeys.

Fact 23 on Egyptian Farming:

Farm animals: The Horse was introduced by the Hyksos and these were followed by mules that were bred as the offspring from female horses and male donkeys. Horses were expensive and only owned by the wealthy and used primarily for military purposes.

Fact 24 on Egyptian Farming:

Farm animals: Oxen, donkeys and mules were used as beasts of burden for the heavy duties and transportation requirements.

Fact 25 on Egyptian Farming:

Farm animals: Chickens were introduced during the period in Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom.

Fact 26 on Egyptian Farming:

Farm animals: Camels were rare animals and introduced by the Persians in the 27th Dynasty.

Ancient Egypt - Egyptian Farming Fact Sheet

Egyptian Farming
Learning about the ancient Egyptians and Egyptian Farming inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about Egyptian Farming will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.

Egyptian Farming


Egyptian Farming - Ancient Egyptians - Pictures - Eygptians - Ancient Egypt - Ancient Egyptians - Kids - Children - Research - Schools - Homework - Eygptians - Egyption - Egypt - History - Ancient - Pictures - Images - Kids - Children - Kids - Facts - Eygptians - Interesting - Information - Kids - Children - Kids - Research - Ancient Egypt - Egyptology - Old Egypt - Egyptology - Egypten - Egyption - Egipt - Egyptian Farming - Travel - Tours - Nile Cruise - Holiday - Vacation - Eygpt - Written By Linda Alchin