History of Hieroglyphics

The History of Egypt for Kids - History of Hieroglyphics

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about the History of Hieroglyphics

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians - History of Hieroglyphics
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about the History of Hieroglyphics. Discover fascinating facts and information about ancient Egypt and History of Hieroglyphics.
 
History Timeline: The development and use of hieroglyphs
The Narmer Palette and the Pyramid Texts
The Coffin Texts and the Book of the Dead
Talismans and amulets
The Roman conquest and loss of the hieroglyphs
History Timeline of the Rosetta Stone
The translation of hieroglyphs by Jean-Francois Champollion
An overview & History Timeline of Hieroglyphics of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptians - History of Hieroglyphics
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History Timeline of Hieroglyphics
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History Hieroglyphics: Timeline of Prehistoric Egypt to the Old Kingdom

History Hieroglyphics:

 
5000BCThe history period known as Prehistoric Egypt 5000 - 3100 BCE during which time small settlements were established along the Nile River.

As civilization developed, cities were established and a form of basic picture writing was established.

Towards the end of this period the Hieroglyphic form of writing was created enabling information relating to dates and names to be included on inscriptions.

The serekh was the first device used in hieroglyphs to indicate the name of the king.

Small cosmetic palettes were often inscribed with symbols and iconography and were some of the first forms of ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
3100BC

The history period known as the Early Dynastic Period: 3100 - 2686 BCE. The 1st Dynasties was established by King Narmer.

The 'Narmer Palette' consisted of slate engravings containing some of the earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions ever found.

The use of using papyrus plants to create writing materials was invented by the middle of the 1st dynasty allowing record keeping by the central government. Papyrus plants grew almost exclusively in the region of the Nile delta in Lower Egypt so this is probably where the ancient Egyptian paper was invented.

Hieroglyphic symbols were developed further using sheets or rolls of the new writing material.

The symbols used in the hieroglyphic form of writing were passed from generation to generation from masters to 'apprentices'. It took up to ten years to learn Hieroglyphic writing.

Creation myths were developed further and some related to Hieroglyphs as the 'Language of the Gods.

The ibis-headed god Thoth was considered the inventor of the hieroglyphics and his duties included that of secretary of the sun god Ra and scribe of the Underworld. The consort of Thoth was the goddess Seshat, whose name means 'Female Scribe'. Seshat was said to be the guardian of libraries and the female patron of scribes and writing.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
2686BC

The history period known as the Old Kingdom 2686 - 2181 BCE (3rd - 6th Dynasties) - The Age of the Pyramids

Basic hieroglyphic religious text, without vignettes, were carved on the walls of tombs. They would become known as the Pyramid Texts.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
2700BC

Hieratic Script was developed, a simpler, ancient Egyptian script based on hieroglyphic signs. Hieratic script was used for everyday purposes such as keeping records, accounts and writing letters which could be written down quickly and easily.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
2181BC

1st Intermediate Period 2181- 2134 BCE (7th - 10th Dynasties) a period when Egypt was weak and divided and saw a breakdown of central government.

continued...
 

History Hieroglyphics: Timeline Prehistoric Egypt to the Old Kingdom

All of the Giza Pyramids

Picture of all of the Giza Pyramids

 

The Ancient Egyptians

 

Timeline and History of Hieroglyphics
Learn about the ancient Egyptians the fast and easy way via the Timeline and History of Hieroglyphics Fact sheet.
 

Timeline & History of Hieroglyphics: Middle Kingdom - Post Empire

History Hieroglyphics:

 
2134BCThe history period known as the Middle Kingdom 2134 - 1782 BCE (11th - 12th Egyptian Dynasties)

The Coffin Texts were created, using hieroglyphs, for ordinary Egyptians, not just the Pharaohs.  The coffin texts providing magic spells that were painted on wooden coffins as a guide to surviving the dangers of the Underworld.

The coffin texts, were sometimes accompanied by images, called "vignettes", that can be seen on the pictures of the wooden coffins. There were no such images on the pyramid texts.

The text on the coffins were written in the simpler hieratic script, whereas the Pyramids Texts were written in the, more complex, hieroglyphics.

The use of Talismans or amulets increased in popularity. These Amulets were small religious objects, often containing precious or semi-precious stones, that often inscribed or carved with magical inscriptions, magic signs, magic symbols, formula or sacred hieroglyphic text. 
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
1782BC

2nd Intermediate Period 1782 -1550 BC (13th - 17th Egyptian Dynasties)
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
1550BCThe New Kingdom 1550 -1069 BCE (18th - 20th Egyptian Dynasties),a period of great wealth and power.

Pyramids were abandoned in favor of rock tombs in the Valley of Kings and wonderful wall paintings including hieroglyphs were created.

Ordinary Egyptians, obsessed with the prospect of death and the Afterlife, gave great importance to owning a personalized version of the Book of the Dead, such as the one referred to as the Book of Ani. The content of the Book of the dead were a series of spells and vignettes (pictures) with hieroglyphs.

Mortuary & Funerary art included extensive use of hieroglyphs in spells, amulets & talismans
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
1334BC

Tutankhamun r 1334 - 1325 BC was the son of Akhenaten, a boy-king who died young but became the most famous of all the pharaohs when his tomb was discovered by Howard Carter.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
1210BC

The 20th dynasty of the New Kingdom heralded the decline of the empire and foreign occupation including the Greeks.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
30BC

Egypt becomes a province of the Roman Empire from 30BC - 641 AD

All official writings were made in Latin, the language of the Romans.

Within 100 years of the Roman Conquest of Egypt the ability to write and decipher Hieroglyphic writing had been virtually lost.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
394AD

The use of hieroglyphs ceased completely after the closing of all non-Christian temples in 391 CE by the Roman Emperor Theodosius I.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
800AD

The Hieratic Script was slowly replaced by the demotic script that was the faster and simpler script for everyday use.

continued...

Timeline & History of Hieroglyphics: Middle Kingdom - Post Empire

 

History of Hieroglyphics

Facts and Information about the History of Hieroglyphics

History of Hieroglyphics

The people, places, culture and civilization of ancient Egypt

Facts and information about Ancient Egypt & the Egyptians

History of Hieroglyphics for kids and schools

History of Hieroglyphics  for kids, schools, homework and research

History Timelien of Hieroglyphics

 

Timeline and History of Hieroglyphics
Learn about the ancient Egyptians the fast and easy way via the Timeline and History of Hieroglyphics Fact sheet.
 

Timeline & History of Hieroglyphics: The Translators and Egyptologists

History Hieroglyphics:

 
1799
 

Numerous attempts were made by various historians to decipher the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs but all failed. Hieroglyphic writing was deemed to be a series of pictures that were mysterious, enigmatic and unreadable.

1799 was the year when the break through in translating hieroglyphs was finally made. The troops of Napoleon Bonaparte were in Egypt and they discovered an important engraving with would become known as the Rosetta Stone.

The Rosetta Stone was discovered at Rosetta (Rashid) in the Nile Delta of Egypt and was an engraving that had a royal decree written in three different languages.

The name of the officer who found the Rosetta Stone was Pierre Francois-Xavier Bouchards, a French officer of engineers.

The languages on the Rosetta Stone were Greek,  Demotic and hieroglyphs.

After the British defeated the French, the Rosetta Stone was handed to the British Army, but the French had made copies of the engravings.

No one could read hieroglyphs at the time of the discovery of the Rosetta Stone.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
1802BCThe first full translation of the Greek text on the Rosetta Stone was made by Stephen Weston.

Silvestre de Sacy understood a few phonetic characters of the demotic script which he compared with the Greek script, and identified some hieroglyphs as proper names: "Alexandros", "Alexandreia", "Ptolemaios", "Arsinoe" and Ptolemy's title "Epiphanes".
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
1814BC

Thomas Young (1773 1829) was an English scientist and Egyptologist was one of the first to try to decipher the hieroglyphs on the Rosetta Stone. Thomas Young "made a number of original and insightful innovations" in the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs during his studies.
 

History Hieroglyphics:

 
1822BC

A brilliant French linguist called Jean-Francois Champollion became known as the first translator of the Rosetta Stone. He published his work showing that the ancient Egyptian writing system was a combination of phonetic and ideographic signs.
 

Timeline & History of Hieroglyphics: The Translators and Egyptologists

Jean-Francois Champollion

Jean-Francois Champollion

History of Hieroglyphics
Learning about the ancient Egyptians and History of Hieroglyphics inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about the History of Hieroglyphics will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.

History of Hieroglyphics

 

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