19th Dynasty

The History of Egypt for Kids - 19th Dynasty, the Pharaohs of the Bible

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about the line of kings in the 19th Dynasty

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians - 19th Dynasty
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about the 19th dynasty of the royal house of Egypt. Discover fascinating facts and information about ancient Egypt and the 19th Dynasty of Ancient Egyptian pharaohs.
 
The definition of the 19th Dynasty
19th dynasty pharaohs timeline and chronology
19th dynasty Egyptian pharaohs of the Bible
History of the19th dynasty New Kingdom
Facts and information about the 19th dynasty time period
19th dynasty line of succession
Seti i, Ramses the Great and Moses and the Exodus
An overview of the history of the 19th Dynasty of ancient Egypt

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Learn about the Egyptian Dynasties with our fast fact sheets.

History Overview of the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom - Pharaohs of the Bible
The Kings and Pharaohs of the 19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom included the famous names that had have survived for thousands of years. The most famous pharaoh of the 19th dynasty was Pharaoh Ramses II, better known as Ramses the Great. The Hittites were enemies of Egypt during this period in which both nations fought for control of the lucrative trade routes and rich metal resources that were accessed via Northern Syria to the trade routes to Mesopotamia. Pharaoh Ramses the Great fought the Hittites in the Battle  of Kadesh.

History Overview of the 19th Dynasty - Who was Moses?
The New Kingdom era in ancient Egyptian History is of particular interest to many people due to its connection with the story of Moses and the Exodus which is detailed in the Bible and the Torah. Moses was believed to be an Egyptian prince, brought up and educated in the royal household. Moses would have been very aware of the recent Egyptian history concerning Akhenaten (r.13511334 BC), the 'heretic pharaoh' of the 18th Dynasty, who instigated a religious revolution focused on the worship of just one god and tried to ban the worship of all other gods. Akhenaten was the second son of pharaoh Amenhotep III, the younger brother of Prince Thutmose the eldest son of pharaoh Amenhotep III. Prince Thutmose mysteriously disappeared from all ancient Egyptian records which has led to much speculation that this was the man who would be called Moses.

History Overview of the 19th Dynasty - Moses, the Pharaohs and the Exodus
The story of Moses relates to his struggle, as a religious leader and prophet of the Israelites, with the pharaohs of Egypt to release his people from bondage. To this end Moses was said to have been instrumental in the series of disasters that beset Egypt during this period. There are no ancient Egyptian historical records of the exodus or any of the ten plagues but the pharaohs Seti I and Ramses II (Ramses the Great) are believed to have been most likely pharaohs who opposed Moses as detailed in the book of Exodus in the Bible. Moses and the Israelites were released from Egypt and were led by Moses across the desert toward the Promised Land. During the journey he was inspired by God on Mount Sinai to write down the Ten Commandments on tablets of stone (Exodus 20). The Ten Commandments are similar in content to the 'Declaration of Innocence', Spell 125 in the Book of the Dead, which consists of a series of denials such as "I have not killed, I have not robbed and I have not lied".

Abu Simbel

Definition of the 19th Dynasty
Definition: The 19th Dynasty of ancient Egypt consisted of a succession of kings from the same family who succeeded each other on the royal throne of Egypt by right of inheritance. The Kings of Egypt and pharaohs of the 19th Dynasty ruled for approximately 110 years from c1292 to 1187 BCE during the time period known in ancient Egyptian history as the New Kingdom. For additional interesting facts and information refer to the Queens and Consorts of ancient Egypt.

 

The Ancient Egyptians

 

List of 19th Dynasty Pharaohs
Overview with interesting facts and information about the 19th Dynasty Pharaohs and Kings of the New Kingdom period in ancient Egyptian history. The pharaohs of the 19th Dynasty of Egypt were Ramses I, Seti I, Ramses II, Merenptah, Amenmesse, Seti II, Siptah and Queen Twosret. Siptah was a boy-king and Queen Twosret was Queen Regent.
 

19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom - Line of Succession

19th Dynasty Pharaohs - Pharaoh Ramses I
Pharaoh Ramses I (r.1292 BC 1290 BC) founded the 19th dynasty of ancient Egyptian kings which would bring the power of Egypt to new, great heights. Ramses was not a member of the royal family but rose to power as a great military leader (as did Horemhep the pharaoh before him, who chose him as his successor). Ramses also served as the High Priest of Amun, a highly important position which gave him the backing of the powerful and influential priests of Amun. He oversaw military campaign in Syria but only enjoyed a short reign of two years - but he brought stabilization to Egypt and his dynasty was established, his successor was his son Seti I.

19th Dynasty Pharaohs - Pharaoh Seti I
Pharaoh Seti I (r.1290 BC 1279 BC) was a prolific builder and a military strategist. He established order in the country and received the support of Egypt due to his military campaigns against the Hittites. The Hittites were enemies of Egypt and both nations fought for control of the rich trade routes and the resources that were accessed via Northern Syria to the trade routes to Mesopotamia. Pharaoh Ramses the Great fought the Hittites in the Battle  of Kadesh. Depictions of the military successes of Seti I were recorded in scenes placed on the front of the temple of Amun in Karnak.

19th Dynasty Pharaohs - Ramses the Great
Pharaoh Ramses II aka Ramses the Great (r.1279 BC 1213 BC) continued to increase the wealth of Egypt. Ramses II is regarded as one of the greatest and most powerful pharaohs of the Egyptian Empire. The successes of his reign led to his title of Ramses the Great. He was another prolific builder and initiated the building of great cities, temples and monuments. These magnificent buildings included the Ramesseum in Thebes and the massive rock temples of Abu Simbel (see the above picture. His military prowess resulted in the suppression of threats from the Nubians, the Libyans and Hittites and to securing the borders of Egypt.

19th Dynasty
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about 19th Dynasty for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about 19th Dynasty for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about 19th Dynasty for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.

 

19th Dynasty

Facts and Information about 19th Dynasty

19th Dynasty

The people, places, culture and civilization of ancient Egypt

Facts and information about Ancient Egypt & the Egyptians

19th Dynasty for kids and schools

19th Dynasty  for kids, schools, homework and research

19th Dynasty

 

List of 19th Dynasty Pharaohs
Overview with interesting facts and information about the 19th Dynasty Pharaohs and Kings of the New Kingdom period in ancient Egyptian history.

19th Dynasty of the New Kingdom - Line of Succession

19th Dynasty Pharaohs - Pharaoh Merenptah
Pharaoh Merenptah aka Merneptah (r.1213 BC 1203 BC) was in his sixties when he assumed the throne and continued the fight against the Libyans and Hittites solidating the 19th dynasty. The Hittite 'sea peoples' were described in the speech of Merneptah inscribed in a stele at Karnak, before the Battle of Perire.

"...They come to the land of Egypt to seek the necessities of their mouths ... Their chief is like a dog, a man of boasting without courage..."

19th Dynasty Pharaohs - Amenmesse
Pharaoh Amenmesse (r.1203 BC 1199 BC) was not the intended heir of Merneptah and usurped the throne of Egypt from Seti II. Amenmesse seized control over Thebes and Nubia in Upper Egypt. The reigns of Seti II and Amenmesse ran parallel to each other and caused political strife and conflict in Egypt.

19th Dynasty Pharaohs - Pharaoh Seti II
The reign of Pharaoh Seti II (r.1199 BC 1193 BC) was blighted by the internal conflict with the rival king Amenmesse, leading to the decline in the power of the 19th Dynasty. The destabling effect was intensified as his successor was a boy king

19th Dynasty Pharaohs - Pharaoh Siptah
Pharaoh Siptah (r.1193 BC 1187 BC) was a boy-king and believed to be the son of Seti II and one of his lesser wives, his parentage is therefore uncertain. Siptah was only ten years old when he became pharaoh and the problems of his young age were exacerbated by ill health, he was believed to have suffered from polio. He died when he was 16 years old and as he was an only child his mother, Twoset became pharaoh.

19th Dynasty Pharaohs - Queen Twosret
Queen Twosret (r.1187 BC - 1186BC) was believed to be the step-mother of Siptah. Her reign included the time of the regency of her stepson. She ruled during the period of the famous Battle of Troy. It is believed that she ruled Egypt with the aid of Chancellor Bay, also called Ramesse Khamenteru, who was a highly powerful, wealthy and influential courtier. It is not known how Twosret died but she was followed by the usurper Setnakhte who became the founder of the 20th dynasty.

Ramses the Great

Ramses the Great

19th Dynasty
Learning about the ancient Egyptians and 19th Dynasty inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about 19th Dynasty will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.

19th Dynasty

 

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