20th Dynasty

The History of Egypt for Kids - 20th Dynasty

The History of Ancient Egypt and facts about the line of pharaohs in the 20th Dynasty & the Rise of the Priests of Amun

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians - 20th Dynasty
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about the 20th dynasty of the royal house of Egypt. Discover fascinating facts and information about ancient Egypt and the 20th Dynasty of Ancient Egyptian pharaohs.
The definition of the 20th Dynasty
20th dynasty pharaohs timeline and chronology
20th dynasty Egyptian pharaohs and the Rise of the Priests of Amun
History of the 20th dynasty of the New Kingdom
Facts and information about the 20th dynasty time period
20th dynasty line of succession
Names and dates from King Setnakhte to Ramses XI
An overview of the history of the 20th Dynasty of ancient Egypt

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Learn about the Egyptian Dynasties with our fast fact sheets.

History of the 20th Dynasty and its Pharaohs
Overview with interesting facts and information about the civilization and history of the 20th Dynasty Pharaohs and Kings of the New Kingdom and the Rise of the Priests of Amun in ancient Egyptian history.

Twentieth Dynasty Dates: 11891069 B.C.E.

Ancient Egyptian History - 20th Dynasty Fact Sheet

Fact 1 on 20th Dynasty:

The previous royal line of kings ended in chaos with the mysterious death of Queen Twosret. The queen had ruled Egypt with the aid of Chancellor Bay who attempted to usurp the throne of Egypt.

Fact 2 on 20th Dynasty:

The ambitions of Chancellor Bay were thwarted and following the death of Queen Twosret, Setnakhte who became the founder of the 20th dynasty.

Fact 3 on 20th Dynasty:

Pharaoh Setnakhte was believed to be a grandson of Ramses II. He therefore claimed descent from one of Egypt's greatest pharaohs and secured his line from any other usurpers and the threat of civil war. 

Fact 4 on 20th Dynasty:

He was succeeded by his son Ramses III, who was the last truly great pharaoh of ancient Egypt. 

Fact 5 on 20th Dynasty:

Pharaoh Ramses III was faced with attacks from the Libyans and the Sea Peoples. Like his grandfather before him he was faced with securing the borders of Egypt from hostile attacks.  

Fact 6 on 20th Dynasty:

The 'Sea Peoples' were the enemies of the 'land people' of Egypt who included seafaring raiders of the Hittite Empire - see map below.

Fact 7 on 20th Dynasty:

Ramses III fought off the foreign attacks and defeated his enemies in two great land and sea battles.

Fact 8 on 20th Dynasty:

Towards the end of his reign the government was beginning to crumble due to corrupt officials, the vizier was stripped of power and Pharaoh Ramses was challenged in a royal harem conspiracy.

Fact 9 on 20th Dynasty:

The Harem Conspiracy: Queen Tiye was a consort of Ramses III. She plotted against her husband with fellow courtier conspirators in order to secure the throne of Egypt for her son, Pentaweret, rather than the rightful heir.

Fact 10 on 20th Dynasty:

Pharaoh Ramses III "was murdered during the harem conspiracy by cutting his throat." The conspirators were punished by Ramses IV, the heir to the throne.

Fact 11 on 20th Dynasty:

Ramses IV initiated building projects and trading expeditions to Sinai and Nubia. He started building two temples near Thebes, and completed the Temple of Khonsu at Karnak. He only enjoyed a short reign and was buried in the Valley of the Kings.

Fact 12 on 20th Dynasty:

His son, Ramses V succeeded him. Government corruption continued and the priests also gained considerable power in Egypt. He died during a devastating smallpox epidemic which took a terrible toll in the royal family and the people of ancient Egypt.

Fact 13 on 20th Dynasty:

The power of the priesthood of Amun continued to increase in the reign of Ramses V. Records show that the priests of the Amun Temples had over 80,000 people working for them and owned enormous amounts of land, cattle and hundreds of ships.

Fact 14 on 20th Dynasty:

The control of the temple land and state finances was at the expense of Pharaoh.

Fact 15 on 20th Dynasty:

The reign of the next pharaoh, Ramses VI, was uneventful, however his death was significant.  His tomb was broken into and ransacked by grave robbers who hacked away at his hands and feet in order to gain access to his jewelry.

Fact 16 on 20th Dynasty:

The following reigns were marked by bad harvests and high prices of grain. The country experienced severe economic problems and more tomb robberies took place and the criminals were prosecuted.

Fact 17 on 20th Dynasty:

Pharaoh Ramses XI was the tenth and last king of this royal line of kings. His reign was marked by the gradual disintegration of the Egyptian state and civil conflict. He was forced to share his power with Herihor, the High Priest of Amun, who ruled Thebes and Upper Egypt. Smendes, the governor of Tanis, controlled Lower Egypt.

Fact 18 on 20th Dynasty:

When Pharaoh Ramses XI died he was buried by Smendes and, according to ancient Egyptian custom, this gave him the authority and right to ascend to the throne.

Fact 19 on 20th Dynasty:

The remarkable period of the New Kingdom was over and the great Egyptian Empire was in decline, soon to be lost to foreign invaders from Libya.

Ancient Egyptian History - 20th Dynasty Fact Sheet

Definition of the 20th Dynasty
Definition: The 20th Dynasty of ancient Egypt consisted of a succession of kings from the same family who succeeded each other on the royal throne of Egypt by right of inheritance. The Kings of Egypt and pharaohs of the 20th Dynasty ruled during the time period known in ancient Egyptian history as the New Kingdom.

Twentieth Dynasty Dates: 11891069 B.C.E.

Ancient Egyptian Dynasties


History of the 20th Dynasty Pharaohs
Overview with interesting facts and information about the Pharaohs and Kings of the New Kingdom period in ancient Egyptian history.


The Ancient Egyptians


20th Dynasty Chronology - Succession and History of the Kings
The following 20th Dynasty Chronology details the names of the Kings and Pharaohs of the 20th Dynasty and the dates of the years during which they reigned, together with a map of ancient Egypt.

Chronology of the Kings



Dates of Reign

King Setnakhtec1186 - 1183 BC

King Ramses IIIc1183 - 1151 BC

King Ramses IVc1151 - 1145 BC

King Ramses Vc1145 - 1142 BC

King Ramses VIc1142 - 1132 BC

King Ramses VIIc1132 - 1126 BC

King Ramses VIIIc1126 - 1121 BC

King Ramses IXc1121 - 1107 BC

King Ramses Xc1107 - 1099 BC

King Ramses XIc1099 - 1069 BC
Chronology of the Kings

The Ancient Cities of Egypt

20th Dynasty History
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about 20th Dynasty for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about the history and kings of this dynasty for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about 20th Dynasty for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.

Abu Simbel


20th Dynasty

Facts and Information about the Kings, civilization and history

History, events and 1st family of Kings

The people, dates, places, culture and civilization of ancient Egypt

Facts, dates and information about Ancient Egypt & the Egyptians

Egyptian history for kids and schools

Ancient Egyptian history for kids, schools, homework and research

Civilization, History and Kings


Ancient Egyptian History



20th Dynasty
Learning about the ancient Egyptians and 20th Dynasty inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about 20th Dynasty will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.

Ancient Egyptian History


20th Dynasty - Ancient Egyptians - Pictures - Eygptians - Ancient Egypt - Ancient Egyptians - Kids - Children - History and Civilization - Research - Schools - Homework - Eygptians - Egyption - Egypt - History - Ancient - Pictures - Images - Kids - Children - Kids - Facts - Eygptians - Interesting - Information - Kids - Children - Kids - Research - Ancient Egypt - Egyptology - Old Egypt - Egyptology - Egypten - Egyption - Egipt - History and Civilization - Travel - Tours - Nile Cruise - Holiday - Vacation - History and Civilization - Eygpt - Written By Linda Alchin