Royal Egyptian Names - Naming Traditions
The royal naming traditions included several names for the pharaoh or the king of Egypt. These different names are referred to as the royal titulary. The protocol or naming traditions of a Pharaoh included five names: the birth name or personal name (nomen), the throne name (preanomen) the Horus name, the Nebty name and the Horus of Gold name.
Egyptian Names - Meaning of the Birth Name (The Nomen)
The birth name was the personal name of the pharaoh and the name used by Egyptologists when referring to the king. The following hieroglyph depicts the name of King Thutmose III. His cartouche is preceded by his title shown as the hieroglyphs of a duck and a symbol of the sun god Ra - meaning that the pharaoh had the title of the 'Son of Ra'.
Egyptian Names - Meaning of the Throne Name (The Preanomen)
The Throne name was the most important, official name of the pharaoh. His cartouche is preceded by his title shown as the hieroglyphs of a sedge reed and a bee which relate to the symbols of Upper and Lower Egypt.
Egyptian Names - Meaning of the Horus Name
The Horus name related to the divinity of the pharaoh and identified the king with a form of the god Horus. Horus was described as being the solar god and protector of the monarchy, courage & vanquishing enemies. Horus was one of the most ancient gods and was depicted as a falcon, or in human form with the head of a falcon. The rulers of Egypt were ‘followers of Horus’. The spirit of Horus, was believed to enter the pharaoh at his coronation and he became the earthly embodiment of the god. When the king died his spirit was merged with the god Osiris from where he could guide his successors.
Egyptian Names - Meaning of the Golden Horus Name
The Golden Horus name related to the concept of eternity and in hieroglyphs it always depicts of the horus falcon.
Egyptian Names - Meaning of the Nebty Name
The Nebty name related to the goddesses referred to as the 'Two Ladies' and symbolized the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt. The names of the two goddesses were Wadjet and Nekhbet. Nekhbet was the Egyptian white vulture goddess and protector of Upper Egypt in the south of the country. Wadjet was the snake or cobra goddess and protector of Lower Egypt in the north of the country. The Two Ladies are prominent on one of the most iconic images of Egypt - the 'Eye'.