The History of Egypt for Kids - King Unas and his pyramid at Saqqara

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about Pharaoh Unas aka Unis or Wenis

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians - Pharaoh Unas
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about King Unas. Discover fascinating facts and information about the pharaohs of ancient Egypt.
Interesting facts & information about this ancient Egyptian King aka Unis or Wenis
The dynasty and period in history when he was the pharaoh 2356 -2323 BC
Fact based biography of the pharaoh who was the last king of the 5th dynasty
His pyramid at Saqqara contained the first Pyramid texts discovered in Egypt
His consort was Queen Khenut
An overview of Unas, a famous King of ancient Egypt

Ancient Egyptians - Unas
Click a link for additional information and interesting facts about subjects relating to King Unas, the greatest pharaohs of Egypt or other aspects of daily life, the people and places of ancient Egypt.

Profile of Pharaoh Unas
The following profile provides a fast overview of Unas, the last of the 'Sun Kings' of the fifth dynasty. His pyramid at Saqqara contained the inscriptions that became known as the Pyramid texts.

Profile of Unas

History Time Period:Old Kingdom
Dynasty:5th Dynasty
Predecessor:Djedkare Isesi
Dates of his Reign:2356–2323 BC
Principal Wife:Queen Khenut
Successor:Teti I, founder of the 6th dynasty

King Unas
Interesting facts, biography & information about the life of Pharaoh Unas, the ancient Egyptian King. The Pharaoh Unas fact sheet provides details of the major events and accomplishments in his life, his consort and his family. Information about the dynasty and period in ancient Egyptian history in which King Unas lived. Refer to Pharaohs for additional interesting facts and information.

Ancient Egyptian King - Unas Fact Sheet

Fact 1 on Unas:

Name: This pharaoh of ancient Egypt was also known as Unis, Ounas or Wenis.

Fact 2 on Unas:

History: Unas ruled as the king of Egypt during the period in ancient Egyptian history known as the Old Kingdom and was a pharaoh of the fifth dynasty of kings by right of inheritance. He succeeded Pharaoh Djedkare Isesi to the throne of Egypt.

Fact 3 on Unas:

Family: He was possibly a son of Djedkare Isesi and inherited the throne of Egypt when the original heir, Crown Prince Remkuy, died.

Fact 4 on Unas:

Family: Unas married Khenut, whose status and title was the "King’s Wife, his beloved", "Great of Praises" and "Companion of Horus". Khenut was the owner of a mastaba next to the pyramid of Unas.

Fact 5 on Unas:

The name of his 'lesser wife' was Queen Nebet.

Fact 6 on Unas:

Unas failed to produce a surviving male heir but his daughter, Iput, married Teti who founded the 6th Dynasty following the death of the king.

Fact 7 on Unas:

The king started his reign well and continued to expand trade in the southern lands of Africa beyond Nubia. An inscription at the Elephantine Island shows a giraffe brought from Africa with other exotic animals. The giraffe was an extremely rare site in Egypt at this time and was no doubt displayed to reflect the successful trade agreements with other lands.

Fact 8 on Unas:

Unas also initiated trading expeditions to Byblos a city located in ancient Phoenicia (modern Lebanon) to obtain cedar wood that used for building ships, temple doors and expensive coffins. 

Fact 9 on Unas:

He conducted a military campaign and fought a battle with the Bedouin nomad tribes in the Sinai Peninsula. This was the only conflict recorded during his long reign which was therefore, on the whole, a peaceful time in ancient Egypt.

Fact 10 on Unas:

Unfortunately the peace was apparently shattered by a devastating famine. We say 'apparently' because the only reference to the famine is shown on a relief carved on the causeway in his pyramid complex. The relief depicts starving people dying of hunger. However, it is not clear whether these people were Egyptians or, more likely, whether they were people to whom the pharaoh had supplied aid. 

Ancient Egyptian King - Unas Fact Sheet

Pharaoh Unas
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about Pharaoh Unas for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about Unas for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about this king of Egypt for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.


The Ancient Egyptians


The Pyramid Complex of King Unas
Learn about this ancient Egyptian pharaoh the fast and easy way via the Unas Fact sheet.

Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Complex

Ancient Egyptian King - Unas Fact Sheet

Fact 11 on Unas:

King Unas is famous due to his pyramid complex that forms part of the Saqqara necropolis and contains the first of the Pyramid texts.

Fact 12 on Unas:

The pyramid complex of Unas consisted of:

The Pyramid
The cult, or subsidiary, pyramid
Mortuary Temple
The causeway (a raised roadway) that led to the
Valley Temple which linked to the River Nile

Fact 13 on Unas:

The complex was accessed by boat on the River Nile and would land at a harbor outside the Valley Temple where visitors would disembark - see the picture below.

Fact 14 on Unas:

The Valley Temple contained different chambers, some of which were dedicated to deities and others that were used in the embalming rituals and and the wrapping of the mummy.

Fact 15 on Unas:

The  Valley Temple provided direct access to the causeway (raised roadway) a processional road that led to the main pyramid complex. The Unas causeway ran for 220 meters (730 feet).

Fact 16 on Unas:

The long causeway was excavated by Selim Bay Hassan in 1937. The inner walls of the causeway were richly decorated with scenes depicting events during the reign of the king. The scenes included trading ships, craftsmen working on various building projects, farmers, hunting scenes and the famous 'famine scene'. 

Fact 17 on Unas:

The causeway led to the entrance courtyard of the pyramid complex of Unas which which enclosed in a high wall and provided entry to the pyramid and Mortuary Temple.

Fact 18 on Unas:

The Mortuary Temple was the place where the sun priests of Ra performed daily funerary rites and presented offerings to the dead king’s Ka. The structure consisted of an entrance hall, an open, columned courtyard, alcoves for his statues,  storage chambers and an inner temple, or sanctuary.

Fact 19 on Unas:

The pyramid is oriented east-west and was built with a local limestone core and fine white limestone casing from the Tura Quarry.

Fact 20 on Unas:

Inside the pyramid is a substructure consisting of a descending entrance corridor, with a barrier, leading to the dead king's mortuary apartment which was located directly under the vertical apex of the pyramid. The corridor leads to an antechamber then the burial chamber.

Fact 21 on Unas:

The pyramid of Unas was first investigated by John Shae Perring in 1838 and Lepsius in 1844. But it was Gaston Maspero (1846 – 1916) who first gained entry to the burial chambers in 1881, where he discovered the religious inscriptions that would become known as the Pyramid texts.

Fact 22 on Unas:

The vertical lines of hieroglyphs, filled with blue pigment contain 228 magic spells, that were intended to help the king in the Afterlife.

Fact 23 on Unas:

Unas was the last king of the 5th dynasty leaving no male heir. His daughter, Iput, married Teti who founded the 6th Dynasty following the death of the king.

Ancient Egyptian King - Unas Fact Sheet

 Valley Temple of Sahure

A Valley Temple



Facts and Information about Unas

Ancient Egyptian King Unas

Fact based biography of the pharaoh

Facts and information about Ancient Egypt & the Egyptians

King Unas for kids and schools

Pharaoh Unas  for kids, schools, homework and research

Life, bio, times, famous events and family of King Unas


King zzzz and the 5th Dynasty
The following chart provides the names of the kings and the line of succession in the 5th Dynasty together with a map of ancient Egypt.

5th Dynasty



Dates of Reign

King Userkaf2467–2458 BC

King Sahure2458–2446 BC

King Neferirkare Kakai2446–2426 BC

King Shepseskare Ini2426–2419 BC

King Neferefre (aka Raneferef)2419–2416 BC

King Niuserre2416–2392 BC

King Menkauhor2396–2388 BC

King Djedkare Isesi (aka Izezi)2388–2356 BC

King Unas (aka Unis & Weni)2356–2323 BC
Succession of the Kings

The Ancient Cities of Egypt

Learning about the ancient Egyptians and King Unas inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about Pharaoh Unas will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.



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