The Step Pyramid

History of the Tombs & Pyramids of Ancient Egypt for Kids - Djoser Step Pyramid

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara 

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians - Djoser Step Pyramid at Saqqara
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about the Step Pyramid. Discover fascinating facts and information about ancient Egypt and Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara .
 
The Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara
The genius of the ancient Egyptian architect, Imhotep
Pyramid development from the mastaba tombs of the pharaohs
The dimensions
Description of the Djoser burial complex
The pyramids of ancient Egypt
The tombs of the Pharaohs
An overview of the Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara

Ancient Egyptians - Step Pyramid
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Development of the Djoser Step Pyramid
Learn about the history and the Development of the Djoser Step Pyramid and burial customs in ancient Egypt and the tombs of the pharaohs.

Djoser Step Pyramid at Saqqara

Djoser Step Pyramid at Saqqara
 

Ancient Egypt - Djoser Step Pyramid Fact Sheet

Fact 1 on the Step Pyramid:

The burial customs of the ancient Egyptians developed over time. At first everyone was buried in a  desert area in a shallow pit grave. A typical pit grave had a mound of rough stones built over it as a memorial or landmark.

Ancient Egyptian Pit Grave

Ancient Egyptian Pit Grave
 

Fact 2 on the Step Pyramid:

The simple Pit Graves were developed by the wealthy elite to become a more impressive type of tomb, called a mastaba. The Mastaba Egyptian tomb was originally a single storey structure made of Mud Bricks.

Mastaba

Traditional mastaba
 

Fact 3 on the Step Pyramid:

The mastaba tombs evolved to contain an underground burial chamber. The underground burial chambers were gradually cut deeper until they passed into the bedrock.
 

Fact 4 on the Step Pyramid:

These were further developed into extensive subterranean complexes, reached by a stairway, and containing many other rooms. King Hor- Aha of the 1st dynasty built a massive underground mastaba tomb complex in honor of his mother Queen Neithhotep at near Thinis.

Tomb of Queen Neithhotep built by King Hor-Aha
 

Fact 5 on the Step Pyramid:

The Djoser step pyramid at Saqqara began as a traditional, flat-roofed Mastaba Tomb. The Step pyramid had six tiers.

Djoser's Step Pyramid at Saqqara

King Djoser's Step Pyramid at Saqqara
 

Fact 6 on the Step Pyramid:

Like the mastaba, the plan of the step pyramid consisted of three parts: the chapel, the passage, and the sepulchral vault.
 

Fact 7 on the Step Pyramid:

The Djoser monument was constructed at Saqqara which was used as necropolis by the inhabitants of Memphis (modern-day Cairo).
 

Fact 8 on the Step Pyramid:

This was the first pyramid constructed in ancient Egypt and is recognized as the first monumental stone structure. It was the prototype of all pyramids. 
 

Fact 9 on the Step Pyramid:

A building of the size of this great monument, and made entirely out of stone, had never before been constructed.
 

Fact 10 on the Step Pyramid:

The monument was designed by the brilliant architect, Imhotep, on behalf of his pharaoh, King Djoser.

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Ancient Egypt - Djoser Step Pyramid Fact Sheet

Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about the Djoser Step Pyramid at Saqqara for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about the Djoser Step Pyramid at Saqqara  for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about the Djoser Step Pyramid at Saqqara  for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.

 

The Ancient Egyptians

 

Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara
Learn about the ancient pyramids of Egypt, and the tombs of the pharaohs, the fast and easy way via the Step Pyramid Fact sheet.
 

Ancient Egypt - Djoser Step Pyramid Fact Sheet

Fact 11 on the Step Pyramid:

It was constructed during the 27th century BC and As in earlier mastaba tombs, the burial chambers of the Step Pyramid are underground, hidden in a maze of tunnels.
 

Fact 12 on the Step Pyramid:

The monument was expanded in a series of stages that resulted in its present appearance of a pyramid consisting of 6 distinct steps, decreasing in size.
 

Fact 13 on the Step Pyramid:

Dimensions: The dimensions of the monument are:

Height = 62 metres (203 ft)
Smallest base = 109.12 metres (358 ft)
Largest base = 125.27 metres (411 ft)
 

Fact 14 on the Step Pyramid:

The steps each retreat about 7 feet; the step nearest the ground is 37.5 feet high, and the top one is 29 feet high.
 

Fact 15 on the Step Pyramid:

The area around the monumental tomb became a massive funeral complex in honor of King Djoser and covered 37 acres - nearly three times the size of an ancient Egyptian city.
 

Fact 16 on the Step Pyramid:

The complex is surrounded by a wall that was over 10 meters high (33 feet).
 

Fact 17 on the Step Pyramid:

The complex wall was surrounded by a trench to make entry into the complex difficult. There were 14 doors, but 13 doors were false and served as an additional security measure. The trench measured

Length = 750 m  (820 yards)
Width = 40 m (43 yards)
 

Fact 18 on the Step Pyramid:

The steps were constructed from a core of rough stones and then cased in  limestone with packing in between. The limestone was polished creating a gleaming monument.
 

Fact 19 on the Step Pyramid:

The chambers that were built underground were hidden in a maze of tunnels which were designed to discourage tomb robbers. The tunnels total nearly 6 km (3.7 miles) in length and connect to a central shaft 7 m (23 feet) square and 28 m (92 feet) deep.
 

Fact 20 on the Step Pyramid:

The chambers provided room for the king’s burial, the burial of members of the royal family and the storage of grave goods and offerings.
 

Fact 21 on the Step Pyramid:

The walls of the underground tunnels and passages were constructed in limestone that was inlaid with beautiful blue faience tiles depicting a pattern that looked like reed matting with decorated panels showing King Djoser participating in religious ceremonies.
 

Fact 22 on the Step Pyramid:

The burial chamber of King Djoser was a vault  that it was square whereas most mastabas were rectangular, it was constructed with granite. The burial chamber had one opening, which was sealed with a 3.5 ton block after the burial of King Djoser.
 

Ancient Egypt - Djoser Step Pyramid Fact Sheet

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Djoser Step Pyramid at Saqqara

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Djoser Step Pyramid at Saqqara

 

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