12th Dynasty

The History of Egypt for Kids - 12th Dynasty, the Warrior Kings

The Civilization, Culture & History of Ancient Egypt and facts about the line of pharaohs in the 12th Dynasty

Ancient Egyptians

Ancient Egyptians - 12th Dynasty
A comprehensive guide and fact sheet about the 12th dynasty of the royal house of Egypt. Discover fascinating facts and information about ancient Egypt and the 12th Dynasty of Ancient Egyptian pharaohs.
The definition of the 12th Dynasty
12th dynasty pharaohs timeline and chronology
12th dynasty Egyptian pharaohs, the Warrior Kings
History of the 12th dynasty of the Middle Kingdom
Facts and information about the 12th dynasty time period
12th dynasty line of succession from Amenemhet I to Queen Sobeknefru
Names and dates
An overview of the history of the 12th Dynasty of ancient Egypt

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Learn about the Egyptian Dynasties with our fast fact sheets.

History of the 12th Dynasty and its Pharaohs
Overview with interesting facts and information about the civilization and history of the 12th Dynasty Pharaohs and Kings of the Middle Kingdom period in ancient Egyptian history.

Twelfth Dynasty Dates: c1991c1782 B.C.E.

Ancient Egyptian History - 12th Dynasty Fact Sheet

Fact 1 on 12th Dynasty:

The previous line of kings collapsed following a palace coup led by the Vizier Amenemhat who established the 12th Dynasty. The capital initially remained in Thebes (see map below) but moved to the city of It-tawy.

Fact 2 on 12th Dynasty:

The city of It-tawy was founded at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom by King Amenemhat I. The exact location of the city of It-tawy is still unknown, although believed to be located south of Memphis, in the Faiyum region.

Fact 3 on 12th Dynasty:

This new line of warrior kings increased their power and wealth and eventually regained control over the Nomarchs and the Nomes of ancient Egypt.

Fact 4 on 12th Dynasty:

There were threats of invasion from various countries and military campaigns were mounted against Nubia to the south of Egypt and Libya to the east.

Fact 5 on 12th Dynasty:

Fortresses were built along the River Nile and a standing army was established to protect the borders of Egypt.

Fact 6 on 12th Dynasty:

Senusret II established a Faiyum irrigation project converting the Faiyum oasis into  productive farmland.

Fact 7 on 12th Dynasty:

King Senusret III was the most powerful monarch in this line of kings. The building of the Sesostris Canal, the forerunner of the Suez Canal linking the Nile to the Red Sea, was initiated during his reign.

Fact 8 on 12th Dynasty:

Vast building projects were undertaken and new temples, obelisks and mortuary complexes, including small pyramids, were built.

Fact 9 on 12th Dynasty:

The Coffin Texts were created for ordinary Egyptians providing magic spells painted on wooden coffins as a guide to surviving the perils of the Underworld. Such texts were previously exclusive to the pharaohs - the Middle Kingdom saw the rise of the common man.

Fact 10 on 12th Dynasty:

Queen Sobeknefru became known as the first female ruler of Egypt but died leaving no heir also refer to Ancient Egyptian Queens.

Fact 11 on 12th Dynasty:

The untimely death of Queen Sobeknefru ended the period of the Middle Kingdom and the start of the chaotic and unstable Second Intermediate Period which would eventually led to the conquest and rule of the Hyksos, the "foreign rulers" who introduced the horse and the chariot to the ancient Egyptians.

Ancient Egyptian History - 12th Dynasty Fact Sheet

Definition of the 12th Dynasty
Definition: The 12th Dynasty of ancient Egypt consisted of a succession of kings from the same family who succeeded each other on the royal throne of Egypt by right of inheritance. The Kings of Egypt and pharaohs of the 12th Dynasty ruled during the time period known in ancient Egyptian history as the Middle Kingdom.

Twelfth Dynasty Dates: c1991c1782 B.C.E.

Ancient Egyptian Dynasties


History of the 12th Dynasty Pharaohs
Overview with interesting facts and information about the Pharaohs and Kings of the Middle Kingdom period in ancient Egyptian history.


The Ancient Egyptians


12th Dynasty Chronology - Succession and History of the Kings
The following 12th Dynasty Chronology details the names of the Kings and Pharaohs of the 12th Dynasty and the dates of the years during which they reigned, together with a map of ancient Egypt.

Chronology of the Kings



Dates of Reign

King Amenemhet I19911962 BC

King Senusret I19711926 BC

King Amenemhet II19291892 BC

King Senusret II18971878 BC

King Senusret III18781841 BC

King Amenemhet III18441797 BC

King Amenemhet IV17991787 BC

Queen Sobeknefru17871782 BC
Chronology of the Kings

Picture of pharaoh

The Ancient Cities of Egypt

12th Dynasty History
Discover fast, interesting fun facts about 12th Dynasty for kids with some amazing, cool and quick information about ancient Egypt and Egyptians. Ideal for children, homework, schools, teachers and kids of all ages! Find fascinating fun facts about the history and kings of this dynasty for kids and the history, culture and civilisation of the ancient Egyptians and ancient Egypt. Interesting, fun facts about 12th Dynasty for research, schools, students and kids of all ages.

Abu Simbel


12th Dynasty

Facts and Information about the Kings, civilization and history

History, events and 1st family of Kings

The people, dates, places, culture and civilization of ancient Egypt

Facts, dates and information about Ancient Egypt & the Egyptians

Egyptian history for kids and schools

Ancient Egyptian history for kids, schools, homework and research

Civilization, History and Kings


Ancient Egyptian History



12th Dynasty
Learning about the ancient Egyptians and 12th Dynasty inspires everyone to visit historical sites and undertake Egypt Travel and Tours to experience the wonders of this magical land at first hand. Many people choose to experience a tour of Egypt on a Nile Cruise stopping at the famous destinations and sites of Egypt such as the Pyramids of Giza and the Great Sphinx. The information and facts about 12th Dynasty will provide you with a great insight into Egypt and the legacy of the ancient Egyptians.

Ancient Egyptian History


12th Dynasty - Ancient Egyptians - Pictures - Eygptians - Ancient Egypt - Ancient Egyptians - Kids - Children - History and Civilization - Research - Schools - Homework - Eygptians - Egyption - Egypt - History - Ancient - Pictures - Images - Kids - Children - Kids - Facts - Eygptians - Interesting - Information - Kids - Children - Kids - Research - Ancient Egypt - Egyptology - Old Egypt - Egyptology - Egypten - Egyption - Egipt - History and Civilization - Travel - Tours - Nile Cruise - Holiday - Vacation - History and Civilization - Eygpt - Written By Linda Alchin